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Kihon (基本) meaning "basics" or "fundamentals" describes the practice and repetition of the basic techniques of karate. In fact, kihon stemmed from kata as the means of instruction. Beginners start with one technique and then learn combinations. At first, the movements may be confusing but with enough repetition, students learn to perform the drills without thinking. A major part of karate is putting in the time and effort to perfect one's kihon; improve your kihon skills and all other aspects of karate improve automatically. There are five main categories of kihon:

Tachi (Stances)

The stance keeps the body balanced and provides the support to block or attack with maximum power.

Uke (Blocks)

Block first, then counter. Karate blocks defend any part of the body against any attack.

Tsuki (Punches)

Punches are the most used attack in karate.

Keri (Kicks)

Kicks include all attacks performed with the legs or feet.

Uchi (Strikes)

Strikes are the karateka's most versatile weapon maximizing damage by targeting vulnerable parts of the body.